Thursday, May 3, 2018

Panduwasnuwara Tamil Slab Inscription

The Tamil Slab Inscription in Panduwasnuwara Panduwasnuwara Tamil Slab Inscription is one of Tamil inscriptions in Sri Lanka. It is found in an ancient Buddhist temple premises located south to the Panduwasnuwara Citadel. The inscription was discovered in 1951, by Senarath Paranavitana, the then Archaeological Commissioner.

Panduwasnuwara is a ruined city situated in Kurunegala District. During the medieval period this city was known as Parakramapura, the capital of the principality of Dakkhinadesa founded by King Parakramabahu [(1153-1186 A.D.) Nicholas, 1963].

This inscription consists of 22 lines and has been written in Tamil language with the Tamil scripts of about the 12th century A.D.. Several words are written in both Tamil and Grantha characters. Few Sinhalese words are also identified in the inscription (Pillay, 1960).

The inscription says that it was erected in the fifth year of Nissanka Malla's (1187-1196 A.D.) reign. Which suggests that this was placed here in the year of 1191 A.D. or 1192 A.D. (Pillay, 1960). It records about the benevolent deeds done by a commander named Kulantey Matimana Panjara. This commander is identified with Lak Vijayasinha, the person who is mentioned in the slab inscription of Nissanka Malla at Polonnaruwa. According to the record the commander Kulantey has built a monastery for monks, an alms hall, a Stupa (Cayittam) and a Pirivena named Parakrama Adhikari near the Bodhi-tree in Sri-Pura town.

  • Panduwasnuwara Slab Inscription (Tamil)

    Reign  : Nissanka Malla (1187-1196 A.D.)
    Period : 12th century A.D.
    Script  : Medieval Tamil
    Language : Medieval Tamil 
  • Content : 
    Transcript : Tennilankaik kon Parakramabahu Niccanka Mallar ..........>>
    Translation : Parakramabahu Niccanka Mallar, the king of South Ceylon ..........>>
    Reference : Pillay, K. Kanapathi. (1960)

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References
1) Nicholas, C. W., 1963. Historical topography of ancient and medieval Ceylon. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series (Vol VI). Special Number: Colombo. Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch). p.104.
2) Pillay, K. K., 1960. A Tamil inscription from Panduvasnuvara: University of Ceylon Review (Vol: XVIII Nos 3 & 4). Ceylon University Press. pp. 157-162. 

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