Sunday, October 13, 2019

Kumara Pokuna

Kumara Pokuna
The Kumara Pokuna is a royal bath located in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

History
The great chronicle, Mahawamsa records this pond as "Sila Pokkharani" built by King Parakramabahu I [(1153-1186 A.D.) Ray, 1960]. Although, the site is located outside of the citadel it may have belonged to King Parakramabahu's royal park named "Nandana Uyana".

Pond
The pond which is built with a cruciform ground plan has been attractively finished with elegantly smoothed stone slabs. The pond is about 44 ft. long and 38 ft. wide at the surface level and its dimension is reducing toward the bottom of the pond (Ray, 1960). A flight of steps at the western side of the pond provides the access to the bath. The water which comes from the moat at the foot of the citadel wall reaches to the pond along an underground passage and falls into the pond through dragon-mouthed conduits fixed on the inner walls (Ray, 1960). The used water is drained off through a specific outlet which is controlled with a stone nail (Wikramagamage, 2004).

The ruins of the pavilion which are located on the south of the pond is thought to be the "Salu Mandapaya" (the changing room) for those who were privileged to use this bath (Wikramagamage, 2004; Ray, 1960). An elegantly carved "Sandakada Pahana" (a moonstone) can be seen at the entrance of this pavilion (Wikramagamage, 2004).

Kumara Pokuna, Polonnaruwa Kumara Pokuna, Polonnaruwa

Attribution
1) Polonnaruwa-Kumara Pokuna (3) by Ji-Elle is licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
2) Kumara Pukuna 02 by Bgag is licensed under CC BY SA 3.0
3) Polonnaruwa-Kumara Pokuna (5) by Ji-Elle is licensed under CC BY SA 3.0

References
1) Ray, H. C. (Editor in Chief), 1960. University of Ceylon: History of Ceylon (Vol 1, part II). Ceylon University Press. p.603.
2) Wikramagamage, C., 2004. Heritage of Rajarata: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Colombo. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. pp.207-208.

Location Map

This page was last updated on 13 October 2019

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