Saturday, November 16, 2019

Nelum Pokuna, Polonnaruwa

Polonnaruwa Lotus Pond
The Nelum Pokuna (lit: the Lotus Pond/Lotus Bath) is an old pond situated in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

History
The pond which is referred to in chronicles by the name "Paduma-nahana-kotthaka" (Ray, 1960; Wikramagamage, 2004) is located within the Jetavanarama monastery premises built by King Parakramabahu the Great (1153-1186 A.D.). The chronicle Mahawamsa states that King Parakramabahu built eight ponds of stone to "cleanse the outward impurity of the monks" (Jayasuriya, 2016). Ruins of several ponds similar in structure to Nelum Pokuna (a smaller lotus-bath and the remains of a bath designated "Guha-nahana-kotthaka") have been found within the limits of Jetavanarama monastery (Ray, 1960).

Pond
 The circular stepped Nelum Pokuna pond has been built in the form of a full-blown lotus flower (Wikramagamage, 2004). The tiers indicating the petals of the lotus gradually became small as they go down of the pond. The filling method of the pond is not known (Wikramagamage, 2004).

Attribution
1) Lotosbad polonnaruwa 2017-10-17 (2) by Z thomas is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0

References
1) Jayasuriya, E., 2016. A guide to the Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka. Central Cultural Fund. ISBN: 978-955-613-312-7. p.85.
2) Ray, H. C. (Editor in Chief), 1960. University of Ceylon: History of Ceylon (Vol 1, part II). Ceylon University Press. p.600.
3) Wikramagamage, C., 2004. Heritage of Rajarata: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Colombo. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. p.225.

Location Map

This page was last updated on 16 November 2019

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