Saturday, January 4, 2020

Kande Viharaya, Aluthgama

Kande Viharaya, Aluthgama
Kande Viharaya is a famous Buddhist temple located in the village of Aluthgama in Kalutara District, Sri Lanka.

History
The history of Kande Viharaya is going back to the reign of King Kirti Sri Rajasingha [(1747-1782 A.D.) Abeyawardana, 2002]. It is said that Ven. Karapagala Thera had renovated this temple (Abeyawardana, 2002).

The giant Buddha
In 2007, a gigantic Samadhi Buddha statue depicting the Bhoomisparsha-mudra was unveiled at the Kande Viharaya temple premises.  

Image house
The image house of Kande Viharaya is considered as an important monument. It mainly consists of three parts; the inner chamber, the outer chamber, and the front facade (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009). The inner chamber which is said to be the oldest part of this image house has been built during the Kandyan Period [(1469-1815 A.D.) De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009].

The inner walls and the ceilings of the image house have been painted with various sculptures and murals of Buddhist tradition such as Buddha statues, and Jataka stories. Besides them, several images of gods including Vishnu, Natha, Iswara and Ananga are found in the Devalaya shrine (the shrine of the gods of the Buddhist pantheon). Among these, the statue of God Vishnu who is in sitting posture is considered as a rare piece of work (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009).

The front facade of the image house contains some of the striking architectural features of Dutch and British (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009). The ornamental columns, decorative floral designs and sculptures of animal figures have increased the architectural value of it.

A protected site
The octagon-shaped building with ancient paintings at the premises of Kande Vihara belonging to Kaluwamodara village situated in Grama Niladhari Division, Kaluwamodaya in the Divisional Secretary’s Division, Beruwala is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government Gazette notification published on 9 March 2016.

Attribution
1) LK-aluthgama-kande-vihara-tempel by Balou46 is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0

References
1) Abeyawardana, H.A.P., 2002. Heritage of Sabaragamuwa: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Sabaragamuwa Development Bank and The Central Bank of Sri Lanka. ISBN: 955-575-077-7. p.108.
2) De Silva, N.; Chandrasekara, D.P., 2009. Heritage Buildings of Sri Lanka. Colombo: The National Trust Sri Lanka, ISBN: 978-955-0093-01-4.  p.68.
3) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Extraordinary). No: 1957/18. 9 March 2016. p.4A

Location Map
This page was last updated on 04 January 2020
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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