Saturday, March 24, 2018

Warakagoda Gallen Raja Maha Viharaya

Warakagoda Raja Maha Viharaya, Kalutara, Sri Lanka
Warakagoda Gallen Raja Maha Viharaya (also known as Gallena Purana Raja Maha Viharaya) is a historic cave temple in Kalutara District, Sri Lanka.

History
The history of this temple is connected with the chronicles with the details about the fortress of Pasyodun Rata. It is believed that this temple was erected by the three brothers Manabharana, Keerthi Sri Megha and Sri Wallabha when they were occupying the fortress at Pasyodun Rata. The Pancayojana-Rattha or Pasyodun-vaga (present Pasdun Korale) was a part of Rohana principality before the Parakramabahu’s ruleship of Dhakkhinadesa in the 12th century.

The Galapatha inscription of King Parakramabahu VI had helped in the identification of this temple. Where it refers this place as “Pasyodun Maha Vihara” (Abeyawardana, 2002). The 18 cubit reclining Buddha image which is accommodated in the main cave is attributed to Manabharana. The image was originally made out of clay and later (in 1800 A.D.) had been repaired using a lime mortar.

The cave shrine is divided in two parts; inner shrine and outer shrine. The inner shrine is the older of the two (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009). The rock cut drip-ledges on the brow of the cave prevent the rain water drip inside the cave. The walls of the cave have been plastered with a layer of clay.

A protected site
The ancient cave and the Devalaya chamber in the temple premises and the drip-ledged cave situated in the land adjoins Warakagoda Gallena Purana Rajamaha Vihara belonging to Warakagoda situated in Grama Niladhari Division, No. 816B, Warakagoda North in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Madurawala are archaeological protected monuments, declared by the government Gazette notifications published on 22 November 2002 and 9 March 2016.
Warakagoda Raja Maha Viharaya, Kalutara, Sri Lanka Warakagoda Raja Maha Viharaya, Kalutara, Sri Lanka
Warakagoda Raja Maha Viharaya, Kalutara, Sri Lanka Warakagoda Raja Maha Viharaya, Kalutara, Sri Lanka
References
1) Abeyawardana, H.A.P., 2002. Heritage of Sabaragamuwa: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Colombo: The Central Bank of Sri Lanka. p.112.
2) De Silva, N.; Chandrasekara, D.P., 2009. Heritage Buildings of Sri Lanka. Colombo: The National Trust Sri Lanka. ISBN: 978-955-0093-01-4. p.77.
3) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, no: 1264, 22 November 2002.
4) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka: Extraordinary. No: 1957/18. 9 March 2016. p.5A.

Location Map

This page was last updated on 24 July 2019

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