Tuesday, December 4, 2018

Gregory Lake, Nuwara Eliya

Gregory Lake, Nuwara Eliya
Gregory Lake (also called Gregory Wewa) is a small man-made tank located in the town of Nuwara Eliya in Nuwara Eliya District, Sri Lanka. The lake is considered as one of the foremost tourist attractions found in the town.

Nuwara Eliya is a hill town surrounded by some of the highest mountains in the country such as Pidurutalagala (2,524 m), Kikiliyamana (2,240 m), Hakgala (2,169 m), One Tree Hill (2,100 m) etc. (Meemeduma, 1992). The Gregory lake situated in the middle of the town has been named after its creator Sir Williom Gregory, the British governor of Ceylon [(1872-1877) Meemeduma, 1992]. Nanu Oya, a stream that originates from Pidurutalagala mountain acts as the main tributary of the lake (Magana-Arachchi et al., 2011)

Lake
The lake is belonged to the wet montane zone of Sri Lanka and has been extended in an area about 0.4 square km with a perimeter of about 3.5 km (Magana-Arachchi et al., 2011). The lake receives an average rainfall of 2000-2500 mm rainfall with a mean annual temperature of 16 °C. (Magana-Arachchi et al., 2011). Being an important wetland ecosystem with high bio-diversity, an attractive tourism destination with natural scenic beauty, a water source for agricultural purposes and a threaten ecosystem (due to water pollution by discharges of urban and agricultural run-off and spread of invasive floral species), the Lake Gregory has been declared as an Environmental Protection Area by a gazette notification published on 5 March 2007.
A view of Lake Gregory, Nuwara Eliya Recreational activities, Gregory Lake, Nuwara Eliya
A protected monument
The sluice gate of the Gregory Wewa situated in the Grama Niladhari Division No. 435-B, Kalukele in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Nuwara Eliya is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 6 February 2009.
The old sluice of Lake Gregory, Nuwara Eliya The old sluice gate, Gregory Lake, Nuwara Eliya
References
1) Magana-Arachchi, D., Wanigatunge, R. and Liyanage, M., 2011. Molecular characterization of cyanobacterial diversity in Lake Gregory, Sri Lanka. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 29(4), pp.898-904.
2) Meemeduma, D., 1992. Rehabilitation of Lake Gregory, Sri Lanka. [Blain, W.R. (ed.)]. Marina Technology: Proceedings of the Second International Conference, Held in Southampton, UK, 31 March-2 April 1992. Thomas Telford. pp.111-112.
3) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, no: 1487/10. 5 March 2007.
4) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, no: 1588. 6 February 2009. p.182.

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This page was last updated on 23 June 2019

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