Saturday, February 9, 2019

Yamuna Eri

Yamuna Eri
Yamuna Eri or Yamunari/ Jamunari Pokuna is an old pond situated in Nallur in Jaffna District, Sri Lanka.

Folklore
There are many theories about the origin of this pond. Depending on the accounts given in the Yalpana Vaipava Malai (a Tamil literary work), some believe that it was built by a Chola prince named Vijaya Kulangai (or Kulang-kay-ariyan or Singka-ariyan). According to Yalpana Vaipava Malai, Vijaya Kulangai had built a three-sided well in his newly built city of Nallur and the water brought from the sacred river Yamunai (Yamuna River in India) had mixed with the water in that well (Britto, 1879).

According to another well known opinion, this pond has been constructed by the renowned Cakravarti King Pararajasekaram [(1478-1519 C.E.) Dias et al., 2016; Wijebandara, 2014].

Pond
The pond is completely made of coral blocks and has been built in the shape of the English letter 'U'. The outer part of the pond is about 70 ft long, 65 ft wide and 15 ft deep (Wijebandara, 2014). The platform presenting in the central of the pond is about 55 ft in length and 30 ft in width. A flight of steps running towards the water is located at its southern end.

A protected monument
The Jamunari Pokuna situated in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Nallur is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government Gazette notification published on 16 July 1948. 

Attribution
1) Yamuna Eri by AntanO is licensed under CC BY SA 4.0

References
1) Britto, C., 1879. The Yalpana-Vaipava-Malai or The history of the Kingdom of Jaffna: Translated from the Tamil, with an appendix and a glossary by C. Britto. Colombo. p.14.
2) Dias, M.; Koralage, S.B.; Asanga, K., 2016. The archaeological heritage of Jaffna peninsula. Department of Archaeology. Colombo. p.209.
3) The Gazette notification of Ceylon. No: 9886. 16 July 1948.
4) Wijebandara, I.D.M., 2014. Yapanaye Aithihasika Urumaya (In Sinhala). Published by the editor. ISBN-978-955-9159-95-7. pp.68-69.

Location Map

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