Saturday, May 18, 2019

Ruwanveliseya Dagoba Slab Inscription of Gajabahu I

Ruwanveliseya Dagoba Slab Inscription of Gajabahu I
Ruwanveliseya Dagoba Slab Inscription of Gajabahu I (112-134 A.D.) was discovered at the Ruwanveli Dagoba at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka (Muller, 1984) and is now on the display at the National Museum of Colombo.

The inscription contains six lines and has been engraved on a slab of stone, measuring 7 ft. 6 in. by 2 ft. 6 in. by 5.5 in. (Ranawella, 2005). Eminent archaeologist Senarath Paranavitana had published his observations regarding this inscription as follows;
Of all the inscription of Gajabahu so far brought to light, this is the only one that refers to him with that epithet in addition to his full personal name of Gamini Abhaya. The Mahavamsa and Dipavamsa both refer to him as Gajabahuka-Gamini, omitting 'Abhaya' from the personal name. The occurrence of the epithet Gayabahu (Gajabahu) in a contemporary inscription gains in value when it is considered that the fame of king of a Ceylon of that name had reached literary circles in South India and the author of the Tamil poem Cilappatikaram makes him a contemporary of the Cera king Cenkuttuvan who, in his turn, is referred to in some early Tamil poems as the contemporary of the Cola king Karikala.
Citation: Paranavitana, 1983. p.86.
Content
The inscription records about the foundation of the monastery of Dakini Abhaya Araba (Pali: Dakkhina Abhaya Arama) by King Gajabahu, the grand son of Vasabha and son of the great King Tissa. Having performed the ceremony (of water pouring) with the golden vase he had granted the overload's share of income of (the tank) Varuvaki for the purpose of spreading carpets in the Uposatha-house of that temple (Paranavitana, 1983). The water-tax (of the same tank) had also been given to supply the four monastic requisites to the monks living there (Paranavitana, 1983).

  • Ruwanveliseya Slab Inscription of Gajabahu I

    Period : 2nd century A.C.
    Transcript : Sidha Vahaba rajaha manumaraka Tisa maharajaha puti maharaja Gayabahu gamini Abaya..........>>


    Translation : Success! The Great King Gajabahau Gamini Abaya, the grand son of King Vasaba and son of the Great King Tissa..........>>
    Citation : Ranawella, 2005

References
1) Muller, E., 1984. Ancient Inscriptions in Ceylon. Asian Educational Services. New Delhi. p.27.
2) Paranavitana, S., 1983. Inscriptions of Ceylon, Late Brahmi Inscriptions, 2 (part 1). Archaeological Survey of Sri Lanka. pp.86-87.
3) Ranawella, S. (Ed.), 2005. Sinhala inscriptions in the Colombo National Museum: Spolia Zeylanica. Vol 42. (2005). Department of National Museums, Sri Lanka. pp.ix,1-2.
 
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