Monday, June 3, 2019

Samangala Aranya Senasanaya

Samangala Aranya Senasanaya
Samangala Aranya Senasanaya (lit: Samangala forest hermitage) is a Buddhist temple situated in the village of Samangala in Ampara District, Sri Lanka. The mountain, Samangalakanda is located about 5.6 km to the west of 28 Junction on the Ampara - Maha-Oya road.

History
A large number caves with drip-ledges have been found on the slope of the eastern side of the Samangalakanda mountain (Withanachchi, 2013). Some caves contain early Brahmi inscriptions (3rd century B.C.- 1st century A.D.) inscribed just below the drip-ledges.

Inscriptions
 ''Transcript: Upa rajhaha puta aya abaya puta thishaha puta thisha ayana karite maha lene agata anagata chatudisha shagasha dine''
Citation: Medhananda, 2003. p. 214.
According to the opinion Rev. Ellawala Medhananda, the last name mentioned in this cave inscription (thisha aya) indicates the name of King Saddha Tissa [(137 B.C. – 119 B.C.) Medhananda, 2003; Withanachchi, 2013]. Therefore, this inscription gives the evidence for the political connectivity between the aforesaid king and the Digamadulla region during the early Anuradhapura period (Withanachchi, 2013).

An inscribed sketch resembling a figure similar to Sanchi Stupa in India has been found on a tall rock boulder near a cave (Medhananda, 2003). Also, the remains of old rubble walls are still visible in-front of several caves (Withanachchi, 2013).

A protected site
Samangala mountain range with drip ledged cave complex containing inscriptions belonging to Samangala village situated in the Grama Niladhari Division No. W/104B/2, Bandaraduwa in the Divisional Secretary’s Division Uhana is an archaeological protected site, declared by a government Gazette notification published on 10 October 2014.
Samangala Aranya Senasanaya Samangala Aranya Senasanaya
Samangala Aranya Senasanaya Samangala Aranya Senasanaya
References
1) Medhananda, Ven. Ellawala, 2003. Pacheena passa - Uttara passa: Negenahira palata ha uturu palate Sinhala bauddha urumaya (In Sinhala). Dayawansa Jayakody & Company. Colombo. ISBN: 978-955-686-112-9. pp.212-215.
2) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1884. 10 October 2014 p.923.
3) Withanachchi, C. R., 2013. Pauranika Sthana Saha Smaraka: Ampara Distrikkaya (In Sinhala). Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). ISBN: 955-9159-44-5. pp.11,18.

Location Map

This page was last updated on 19 July 2019

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