Saturday, July 20, 2019

Sri Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana

Sri Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana
Sri Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya (or Sri Jinendraramaya) is a Buddhist temple situated in the village of Warapalana in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. The site can be reached by traveling along the Yakkala - Radawana road (B479) about 6.7 km distance from the Yakkala junction.

History
It is believed that the history of Jinendrarama temple is going back to the latter part of the 18th century (Chandrasoma, 2013; Wijayawardhana, 2010). The other nearby temples, such as Varana, Pilikuttuwa are located some considerable distance from the Warapalana village and therefore, Jinendrarama temple may has been erected as a religious place for the village community during the Kandyan period [(1594 - 1815 A.D.) Wijayawardhana, 2010]. It is said that a Buddhist monk called Veuda Vipassi Thera from Anuradhapura, had pioneered in its establishment (Chandrasoma, 2013; Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The new image house of the temple has been constructed in 1922.

Tempita Viharaya
Tempita Viharas (the temples on pillars) were a popular aspect of many Buddhist temples during the Kandyan period. These structures were usually built on a wooden platform resting on bare stone pillars or stumps which are about 1-4 feet tall. The roof is generally made of timber and held by wooden stumps and walls made of wattle and daub. Wattle walls make the main enclosed shrine room containing the Buddhist sculptures and murals belonging to the Kandyan style. Some Tempita Viharas have narrow verandas and ambulatories circulating the main enclosed space. Construction of these buildings were started in the 17th century and lasted till the end of the 19th century (Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The Tempita Viharaya (the temple on pillars) is the main aspect of this temple with an archaeological significance. It has been built upon 25 granite pillars of about 3 feet tall (Chandrasoma, 2013; Wijayawardhana, 2010). The roof is four sided and paved with semi cylindrical roof tiles (Sinhala Ulu). A stone made flight of steps makes the access to the ambulatory surrounding the Tempita image chamber. The ambulatory is about 3 feet wide and a short wall of about 3 ft. 10 in. tall runs along its outer boundary (Wijayawardhana, 2010). The total Tempita structure is about 19 feet long and 15 feet and 3 inches wide (Chandrasoma, 2013; Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The inside walls of the image chamber is adorned with the paintings and sculptures belonging to the Kandyan style. The main sculpture is a seated Buddha statue accompanied by two standing Buddha statues facing each other at both left and right walls (Chandrasoma, 2013). All the Buddha figures have halos around their bodies. On the sides of the two standing Buddha images are two deities, Vishnu and Kataragama/or Saman (Chandrasoma, 2013; Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The Tempita Viharaya has been restored and conserved by the Archaeology Department.

A protected site
The Tempita Viharaya situated in Sri Jinendrarama Vihara premises in Udututtiripitiya Grama Niladhari Wasama of the Mahara Divisional Secretary’s Division is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 22 November 2002.

Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana
References
1) Chandrasoma, S., 2013. Gampaha Distrikkaye Tempita Vihara (In Sinhala). Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). Colombo. ISBN: 978-955-9159-85-8. pp.13-17.
2) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1264. 22 November 2002.
3) Wijayawardhana, K., 2010. Sri Lankawe Tampita Vihara (In Sinhala). Dayawansa Jayakody & Company. Colombo. ISBN: 978-955-551-752-2. pp. 12,264-269.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 7 September 2019

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