Monday, September 2, 2019

Mayura Pirivena

Mayura Pirivena
The Mayura Pirivena is a ruined building situated to the south-west of Sri Maha Bodhiya in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka.

History
Construction of Mayura Pirivena is attributed to King Buddhadasa of Anuradhapura Kingdom (340-368 A.D.). According to Mahawamsa, the king built this place as the educational institute of Maha Viharaya and had donated several villages for its maintenance. However, the original was replaced by King Dhatusena (455-477 A.D.) and was repaired again by King Mahanaga (573-575 A.D.).

It is said that the Buddhist monk Ven. Buddhaghosha had met the head of the Maha Viharaya in a meditation hall of this Pirivena (Wikramagamage, 2004).

Structure
The present building has few pillars with sculptured capitals left from the old building. At the entrance of the building is a flight of steps accompanied by Korawak Gal (balustrade) and Sandakada Pahana (moonstone). A sculpture depicting a half of a lotus is visible in the middle of the Sandakada Pahana. Half tiles, bricks, potteries, iron nails, and beads were also said to be discovered among the remains of the building.

Architectural features of this structure suggest that this building has been built in accordance with the Pancharama style.

Conservation
The Archaeological Department excavated the ruined structure in 2011, and completed its conservation works in 2012.

Mayura Pirivena Mayura Pirivena
References
1) The information board at the site by the Department of Archaeology and the Ministry of National Heritage.
2) Wikramagamage, C., 2004. Heritage of Rajarata: Major natural, cultural and historic sites: Colombo. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. p.59.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 15 September 2019

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