Sunday, November 17, 2019

Sri Parakramabahu Raja Maha Viharaya

The Bodhi-tree at Kudumirissa Viharaya
Sri Parakramabahu Raja Maha Viharaya (also known as Kudumirissa Viharaya or Amunugoda Raja Maha Viharaya) is a Buddhist temple located in the village of Amunugoda in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka.

During the reign of King Parakramabahu VIII (1490-1509 A.D.), many Buddhist temples were built around the country. Jayapala Deva Pathiraja, one of ministers of the king also engaged in establishing Buddhist temples in several places on the island. The Kossinna Raja Maha Viharaya in Gampaha District is believed to be one such temple established by Jayapala Deva Pathiraja (Chandananda Thera, 2009). 

"Kossinna" is a nearby village of the present Kudumirissa temple. The name, Kossinna is thought to have been evolved from "Koswinna" meaning a grove of Jack trees (Gunasekara, 1887). According to popular beliefs, Jayapala Deva Pathiraja had removed a Madel forest that existed in the present temple area and grown a grove of Jack trees there (Chandananda Thera, 2009). He constructed a complete Buddhist temple (present Kossinna Viharaya) at a high ground within this grove and invited King Parakramabahu VIII to bestow it to Buddhist monks. The king who came for the bestowal ceremony ("Vihara Puja") planted a Bodhi-tree at the place where the present Kudumirissa Viharaya stands (Chandananda Thera, 2009) and established a rock inscription at the same site to declare a royal decree.

Kudumirissa Inscription of Vira Parakramabahu VIII
The inscription which containing 42 lines has been inscribed on a natural rock lies near the temple image house. It records the confirmation by Siri Sangabo Sri Parakramabahu of Kotte of an endowment of certain lands granted by his royal father for the benefit of certain Brahmins (Gunasekara, 1887).

Kudumirissa Inscription
Reign : Parakramabahu VIII (1490–1509 A.D.)
Language & Script : Sinhala
Transcript :   Sri    Lankadhipath    Parakrama-
-bhujassuryanvayalankratirya             cheham
bhavato      wachassrinuta      mebhumiswara
Translation : I,   Parakrama   Bahu,   supreme 
lord of  the  illustrious  Lanka,  the  ornament 
of  the  Solar  race,  make  my  request to you,
princes, who will......>>
Reference : Rohanadeera, 2007
Kudumirissa rock inscription
Near to the Kudumirissa inscription is another epigraph written with modern Sinhala scripts. It records about a grant made to the temple by a lady devotee named "Kapu Upasaka Amma".
Transcript: "Me Viharayata Kapu Upasaka Amma Ru. 40k Dunna"
Translation: Rs.40 was given to this temple by Kapu Upaska Amma

An inscription at Kudumirissa temple The Stupa at Kudumirissa temple
1) Chandananda Thera, R., 2009. Siyanepuren Siyaratata Abhimanayak Vu Yatawathu Vehera Ha Kossini Sanga Parapura (In Sinhala). Abhisthava. pp.XLIII-LI.
2) Gunasekara, M. B., 1887. Three Sinhalese Inscriptions: Text, transliteration, translation and notes#Inscription at Kudumirisa. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. Vol. X. No. 34. pp. 95-102.
3) Rohanadeera, M., 2007. Archaeological Survey of Ceylon: Inscriptions of Ceylon. Vol. VIII. Department of Archaeology. ISBN: 978-955-91-59-64-3. pp.79-88.

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This page was last updated on 30 November 2019


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