Sunday, June 28, 2020

Baddhasima Prasada, Polonnaruwa

Baddhasima Prasada
Baddhasima Prasada (Baddaseema Prasada) is an Uposathaghara (the chapter house) situated in the Ancient City of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. This is considered as the largest Uposathaghara in Sri Lanka.

History
Baddhasima Prasada is the Uposathaghara (the chapter house) that belongs to the Alahana Pirivena complex (Jayasuriya, 2016). This was used by Buddhist monks for the ceremony of confession and for the performance of various Sangha-Kammas. It is located on the highest terrace of the Alahana Pirivena complex (Jayasuriya, 2016). 

According to the chronicle Mahawamsa, this was a twelve storied building built by King Parakramabahu the Great (1153-1186 A.D.) for the ecclesiastical activities of the Buddhist monks (Wikramagamage, 2004). 

The building
Baddhasima Prasada
The remaining pillars, brickworks, and flight of steps suggest that this was originally a storied building (Jayasuriya, 2016). The building consists of four terraces, viz; the uppermost terrace, the 2nd terrace, the 3rd terrace, and the lower terrace. In the uppermost terrace, a central platform, four stone pedestals, and Seema stones (boundary stones) are identified. The central platform is said to be used to place the relic casket while reading the Pratimoksha (code of disciplines) by four Buddhist monks seated on the stone pedestals facing the cardinal directions.

Two funerary Stupas which are believed to be the monuments of a king and queen are found built on a raised platform near to the Baddhasima Prasada building (Jayasuriya, 2016).

Baddhasima Prasada Baddhasima Prasada Baddhasima Prasada
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References
1) Jayasuriya, E., 2016. A guide to the Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka. Central Cultural Fund. ISBN: 978-955-613-312-7. pp.82-83.
2) Wikramagamage, C., 2004. Heritage of Rajarata: Major natural, cultural, and historic sites. Colombo. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. p.218. 

Location Map

This page was last updated on 3 October 2020
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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