Friday, April 16, 2021

Interpretation of Queen Maya's Dream, Colombo National Museum

Interpretation of Queen Maya's Dream
The marble slab depicting the Interpretation of Queen Maya's Dream is presently on the display in the Gallery of Anuradhapura Period in Colombo National Museum, Sri Lanka.

Discovery
This slab was discovered in 1894 along with another slab depicting "Queen Maya's Dream" during the irrigation works in a paddy field about a mile from Anuradhapura (Bopearachchi, 2012). It is said that these were found in a Bodhighara shrine popularly known as "Kurunegala-road-shrine" (Bopearachchi, 2012). The stone pediment and the inner basement of this shrine have now been reconstructed at the premises of Colombo National Museum (Bopearachchi, 2012).

The slab
This slab measures 64cm x 38cm x 9cm. It is believed to have been imported from Nagarjunakonda (Andra Pradesh in South India) as they have their iconographic and stylistic counterparts in many of Amaravati sculptures found there (Bopearachchi, 2012). The slab on which this sculpture has been carved is called Amaravati marble, a kind of hard limestone found in the Nagarjunakonda region (Bopearachchi, 2012).

The scene in the slab portrays the interpretation of Queen Maya's dream by the sages/soothsayers (Bute, 2016). It is said that King Suddhodana consulted soothsayers in order to get Queen Maya's dream interpreted and one of them explained that the child born to the queen would definitely attain the Buddhahood. Here, in the remaining part, it shows the king questioning the soothsayer who is seated on a low stool making his own interpretation of the dream.

Scholars have dated this work to the 2nd-3rd century A.D. (Bute, 2016).

References
1) Bopearachchi, O., 2012. “Andhra-Tamilnadu and Sri Lanka” Early Buddhist Sculptures of Sri Lanka. New Dimensions of Tamil Epigraphy, pp.49-68.
2) Bute, S.J.R. ed., 2016. Intercultural Relations and Ethnic Conflict in Asia. IGI Global. p.62.

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This page was last updated on 18 April 2021
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