Thursday, May 13, 2021

Horana Raja Maha Viharaya

Horana Raja Maha Viharaya
Photo credit: Google street view

Horana Raja Maha Viharaya is a Buddhist temple situated in Horana town in Kalutara District, Sri Lanka. 

History
The history of Horana temple runs back to the early Anuradhapura Period (Abeyawardana, 2002). It is believed that a princess from Andra Pradesh in India established this temple after planting a Bodhi-tree sapling at the site (Abeyawardana, 2002). During the 13th century, the temple was popular as a prominent education centre and has been referred to as Prathiraja Pirivena in the Kelaniya Vihara inscription (Abeyawardana, 2002). The temple is said to have been destroyed later by the Portuguese who arrived in Sri Lanka in the 16th century (Abeyawardana, 2002). The author of Mayura Sandeshaya is believed to be hailed from this temple (Abeyawardana, 2002).

Recent history
The temple went through a major restoration in 1824 under the direction of Sri Soratha Thera of Veediyagoda (Abeyawardana, 2002). In 1929, the Vidyaratne Pirivena, an educational centre for Buddhist monks was established at the temple (Abeyawardana, 2002).

A protected site
Ancient stone carvings found within the premises of the Horana Rajamaha Vihara (Pimburu No. 59416) in Horana village in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Horana, are archaeological protected monuments, declared by a government notification published on 16 February 1968.

References
1) Abeyawardana, H.A.P., 2002. Heritage of Sabaragamuwa: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Sabaragamuwa Development Bank and The Central Bank of Sri Lanka. ISBN: 955-575-077-7.  p.113.
2) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 14789. 16 February 1968.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 16 May 2021
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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