Sunday, 31 March 2019

Keerimalai Pond

Keerimalai Pond
Keerimalai Pond (Sinhala: කීරිමලේ පොකුණ; Tamil: கீரிமலை நீரூற்று), also known as Mongoose-hill Pond or Mugati Kanda Pokuna, is a bathing pond located in close proximity to the Keerimalai beach in Jaffna District, Sri Lanka. The ancient Naguleswaram Temple is also located near this pond.

Keerimalai Pond
Many freshwater springs are found mainly along the coast of the Jaffna peninsula and Keerimalai is one such freshwater spring. According to the Hindu beliefs which are usually based on their traditional mystic emotions and religious literary works, the freshwater spring at Keeramalai is a holy place endowed with miraculous powers. It is believed by Hindus that bathing in the freshwater of this spring can cure various skin infections and induce childless women to achieve pregnancy (Dias et al., 2016; Wijebandara, 2014).

There is another belief that the springs of Keerimalai have an underground connection with the Bottomless Well at Nilavarai, a freshwater well located about 11 km away from the Keerimalai pond (Raghavan, 1971).

According to a legend, the face of a priest called Yamadakkini Muni became a Mongoose face as a result of a curse chanted by God Siva (Wijebandara, 2014). To cure the deformed face, the priest came to Sri Lanka and bathed in this pond. It is said that after getting the bath and doing the rituals at the Siva temple, he got his human face again (Wijebandara, 2014).

In the 7th century A.D., a Chola princess named Mathurapuraveeravalli (or Marutappiravikavalli), the daughter of Tisai Yukkira Colam, the King of Madurai was endowed with a horse face (Ananthanathan, 1993; David, 2011). After hearing about the healing properties of the spring at Keerimalai in the Jaffna peninsula, she came to Sri Lanka and bathed in the freshwater spring. After bathing in the Keeramalai spring, Mathurapuraveeravalli's face became human and beautiful (David, 2011).

Keerimalai Pond Keerimalai Pond
1) Keerimalai Pond, Jaffna by AntanO is licensed under CC BY SA 3.0

1) Ananthanathan, A.K., 1993. Temple, religion and society. East and West, 43(1/4), pp.155-168.
2) David, K. ed., 2011. The new wind: Changing identities in South Asia. Walter de Gruyter. p.185.
3) Dias, M.; Koralage, S.B.; Asanga, K., 2016. The archaeological heritage of Jaffna peninsula. Department of Archaeology. Colombo. pp.50, 203.
4) Raghavan, M.D., 1971. Tamil culture in Ceylon. Kalai Nilayam. p.40.
5) Wijebandara, I.D.M., 2014. Yapanaye Aithihasika Urumaya (In Sinhala). Published by the editor. ISBN-978-955-9159-95-7. pp.129-130.

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This page was last updated on 18 September 2022


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