Saturday, June 22, 2019

Yodha Wewa, Mannar

Yodha Wewa, Mannar
Yodha Wewa (lit: Giant's Tank) is a large irrigation tank situated in Mannar District, Sri Lanka.

History
The tank presently known as Yodha Wewa is believed to the the ancient 'Manamatta' tank mentioned in Mahawamsa (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018; Nicholas, 1963). It was constructed by King Dhatusena (455-473 A.D.) and restored in the 12 century by King Parakramabahu I [(1153-1186 A.D.) Asanga & Nishantha, 2018; Nicholas, 1963].  

The Tamil author, Mudaliyar C. Rasanayagam, in his book 'Ancient Jaffna', gives a short description about this tank as follows;
The existence of the extensive ruins at Matota and of the celebrated Giant's Tank close to it, are indubitable signs of an immense population well advanced in agriculture. This tank is apparently the most ancient work extant in Ceylon, so ancient that it is not mentioned as having been built by any of the kings who reigned in Ceylon after Vijaya. The Giant's tank must, therefore, have been the work of the remotest times, constructed probably by the ancient Nagas, who were the people then living in that part of Ceylon.
Citation: Rasanayagam, 1926
Rasanayagam suggests that the tank was probably constructed by the Nagas who are said to be an ancient tribe of Sri Lanka. Nagas are mentioned in several ancient texts such as Mahavamsa and Manimekalai, as a class of superhuman beings who inhabited a subterranean world (Paranavitana, 1961).

Restoration
The tank was mentioned and reported during the colonial period by several Dutch and British officers such as Van Imhoff, Thomas Maitland, Emerson Tennent, Hercules Robinson, H. Parker, R.L. Brohier etc. (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018). Consideration was given to renovating the tank in 1739 by the Dutch rulers, but it was abandoned due to the lack of labors (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018). A motion which was brought to the State Council in 1889, by P. Ramanathan revived the restoration work of the tank (Arumugam, 1969). The restoration of the tank and the old canal were completed in 1897 (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018).

Tank
The tank is fed by the water comes from Malwatu Oya. In order to turn the water into the Yodha Wewa, a long stone-dam known as Thekkama Amuna (Tamil: Tekkam) has been built across the Malwatu Oya. The canal which starts from the Thekkama dam is named as Aalawakka-ela.

Yodha Wewa (Giant's Tank)

Source of Supply : Inlet  channel (Aalawakka-
ela) from the Thekkama Amuna (Malwatu Oya diverted flow)
Catchment area   : 38 sq. miles
Length of bund    : 4.5 miles
Tank full storage : 26,600 acre ft.
Area of water spread : 4550 acres
No. of sluices : seven

Reference : Arumugam, 1969

Giant's tank
Attribution
1) Yoda Wewa (Giant’s Tank) by Amila Tennakoon is licensed under CC BY 2.0
2) Yoda Wewa (Giant’s Tank) by Amila Tennakoon is licensed under CC BY 2.0

References
1) Arumugam, S., 1969. Water resources of Ceylon: its utilisation and development. Water Resources Board. p.333.
2) Asanga, M. V. G. K.; Nishantha, I. P. S., 2018. Mannarama Distrikkaya (In Sinhala). Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). ISBN: 978-955-7457-10-9. pp.58-59.
3) Nicholas, C. W., 1963. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series (Vol VI). Special Number: Colombo. Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch), p.81.
4) Paranavitana, S., 1961. The Arya kingdom in north Ceylon. JRAS (CB), 7, pp.172-224.
5) Rasanayagam, C., 1926. Ancient Jaffna: Being a Research Into the History of Jaffna from Very Early Times to the Portug [u] ese Period. Asian Educational Services (1984). pp.82-83.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 22 June 2019

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