Tuesday, April 13, 2021

Kaludiya Pokuna, Mihintale

Not to be confused with Kaludiya Pokuna, Dambulla

Kaludiya Pokuna
Kaludiya Pokuna is a site with a ruined Buddhist temple located on the west slope of the Mihintale Monastery in Anuradhapura District, Sri Lanka.
 
History
This is believed to be the ancient Hadayunha Pirivena built for the monks of Dhammaruchika by the General of King Kassapa IV [(898-914 A.D.) Nicholas, 1963; Wikramagamage, 2004]. The pond of this site is supposed to be the ancient Porodini Pokkarani that is mentioned in Tablets of Mahinda IV [(956-972 A.D.) Wellivitiya, 2000]. It might have been used by monks for observing "Pohoya Karma" (Wikramagamage, 2004).
 
Kaludiyapokuna rock inscription
Period: 7-8th centuries A.D.                Script: Transitional Brahmi               Language: Old Sinhala
Content:  An offering of gold Kalanda was made for the stone masons' craft by a person named Yuva. A person named Bodhi is also mentioned. The inscription is worn and can not be fully read.
Citation: The information board at the site by the Department of Archaeology and the Ministry of National Heritage and Cultural Affairs.

The pond and other ruins
Kaludiya Pokuna means the "Blackwater pond". The water of the pond that is found in this site has become dark colour due to the silhouette of the surrounding flora and rocks. The pond is about 200 ft. long 70 ft. wide and considered to be the largest specimen at Mihintale (Jayasuriya, 2016; Wikramagamage, 2004). Scholars believe that it is a work belonging to the 10th century A.D. (Jayasuriya, 2016). 
 
Besides the pond, the site comprises a Stupa, chapter house, promenade, residential cells, Padhanaghara, bathhouse and lavatories (Jayasuriya, 2016; Wellivitiya, 2000; Wikramagamage, 2004). The site was declared as an archaeological reserve in 1926.

Kaludiya Pokuna
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Attribution
1) Kaludiya Pokuna by Nipuna Gamage is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0  
 
References
1) Jayasuriya, E., 2016. A guide to the Cultural Triangle of Sri Lanka. Central Cultural Fund. ISBN: 978-955-613-312-7. p.60.
2) Nicholas, C. W., 1963. Historical topography of ancient and medieval Ceylon. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series (Vol VI). Special Number: Colombo. Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch). p.164.
3) Wellivitiya, T., 2000. Organic nature in Sri Lankan vernacular architecture. A dissertation submitted to the University of Moratuwa as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Architectura. pp.75-99.
4) Wikramagamage, C., 2004. Heritage of Rajarata: Major natural, cultural, and historic sites. Colombo. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. p.172.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 16 April 2021
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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