Wednesday, April 14, 2021

Rajamaha Kohon Viharaya

Rajamaha Kohon Viharaya is a Buddhist temple situated in Halngoda village in Matale District, Sri Lanka.
 
History
Kohon Viharaya is believed to be a temple donated to Arahant Tissa Thera by Maha Naga, the brother of King Devanampiyatissa [(247-207 B.C.) Abeyawardana, 2004]. It is said that Arahant Kohontissa was the incumbent of this temple when writing down the scriptures on Ola-leaf books at Matale Alu Viharaya (Abeyawardana, 2004). After completion of writing of the scriptures, a procession carrying lamps was proceeded to Alu Viharaya from this temple to commemorate that event (Abeyawardana, 2004).

This temple was an important religious place during the 15th century as its name is mentioned in the ancient text Nampotha (Withanachchi, 2018). King Rajadhirajasinghe (1781-1798 A.D.) is said to have bestowed some lands to this temple for its maintaining works (Abeyawardana, 2004).
 
Inscriptions
A 19th-century rock inscription has been discovered on a rock located about 20 yards to the west of the temple (Dias, 1991). It was copied by the Department of Archaeology on 25 October 1971 (Dias, 1991).
 
Kohon Raja Maha Vihara rock inscription
Period: 19th century A.D.                Script: Modern Sinhala               Language: Modern Sinhala
Content:  The inscription contains details about a donation of some lands to the temple (Kohon Viharaya) by a person. While expecting the Buddhahood, the author of this inscription has shared his meritorious work firstly with Royalty and secondly with all others.
Reference: Dais, 1991.
 
References
1) Abeyawardana, H.A.P., 2004. Heritage of Kandurata: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Colombo: The Central Bank of Sri Lanka. pp.129-130.
2) Dias, M., 1991. Epigraphical notes (Nos 1 -18). Colombo: Department of Archaeology. pp.59,61.
3) Withanachchi, C.R., 2018. Madyama palate Rajamaha Viharasthana (In Sinhala). Report on the ancient Buddhist temples in the Central Province of Sri Lanka which were royally sponsored during the Kandy period. p.22.
 
Location Map
This page was last updated on 26 June 2021
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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