Thursday, 9 December 2021

King Vijayabahu IV of Dambadeniya

Coins of Vijayabahu IV
Vijayabahu IV (Sinhala: හතරවන විජයබාහු රජ; Tamil: நான்காம் விஜயபாகு) was the King of Dambadeniya Kingdom, Sri Lanka from 1270 A.D. to 1272 A.D. He ruled the country from the capital at Dambadeniya until he was assassinated by a general named Mitta (Ray, 1960). He had the surname of Bodhisattva and was a mild and humane in character (Ray, 1960).

Reign
The king of Dambadeniya
Vijayabahu IV succeeded to the throne after the death of his father Parakramabahu II [(1236-1270 A.D.) Ray, 1960]. However, he had the control of the affairs of state for several years before his father's death (Ray, 1960). In 1262, he and his cousin Virabahu attacked and defeated Chandrabanu, a Javaka invader from Tambralinga.
 
Mitta's conspiracy and the death of Vijayabahu IV
A general named Mitta assassinated Vijayabahu IV through a slave in the second year of his reign (Ray, 1960). Buvanekabahu, the younger brother of the king was also in Mitta's assassination list but he managed to escape from it as he finally could reach the Yapahuwa Fortress which was not in the side of conspirators (Ray, 1960). 

Arya's loyalty
The general Mitta, in the meantime, seated on the throne as the ruler of the country. On the advises of his supporting dignitaries, he arranged some payments to the soldiers in the royal army to win over their loyalty (Ray, 1960). The royal army which consisted of the Sinhalese and Aryas (Rajputs from North India) were offered payments and only the Sinhalese soldiers accepted it (Ray, 1960). Aryas who were under their leader named Thakuraka refused the offering and asked a meeting with Mitta (Ray, 1960). After they were taken before Mitta, Thakuraka suddenly killed him by his sward and convinced Sinhalese soldiers that his action was on the command of Buvanekabahu at Yapahuwa, the rightful heir to the throne (Ray, 1960).
 
Buvanekabahu became the next king
After the killing of Mitta, Buvanekabahu ascended the throne as Buvanekabahu I with the support of Aryas and Sinhalese army (Ray, 1960).
 
Services & monuments
Religious
As mentioned in chronicles, King Vijayabahu IV has contributed to the development of the Buddhist monasteries in the country as follows; 
1) Hatthigiripura: Built a large image house (Nicholas, 1963).
2) Hetadage & Lankathilaka: Restored the structures (Nicholas, 1963).
3) Niyamgampaya: Restored the Nigamaggama-pasada (Nicholas, 1963).
4) Sindhuravana: Built Vanaggama-pasada and Abhayaraja-parivena (Nicholas, 1963).
5) Thotagamuwa Viharaya: Built a Pasada (Nicholas, 1963).
 
 Inscriptions
One inscriptions belonging to the reign of King Vijayabahu IV have been found from Polonnaruwa Ancient City (Ranawella, 2014).
 
1) Lankathilaka guard stone inscription (from Polonnaruwa District)
This inscription says that King Vijayabahu IV renovated the Lankatilaka Viharaya, hundred years after it was built by the great King Parakramabahu I [(1153-1186 A.D.) Ranawella, 2014].
 
References
1) Nicholas, C. W., 1963. Historical topography of ancient and medieval Ceylon. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series (Vol VI). Special Number: Colombo. Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch). pp.73,105,116,178,179.
2) Ranawella, S., 2014. Archaeological Survey of Ceylon: Inscriptions of Ceylon: Vol. VII. Department of Archaeology. ISBN: 978-955-9159-62-9. pp.13-15.
3) Ray, H.C. (Editor in chief), 1960. History of Ceylon: Vol. I: Part II. Ceylon University Press. Colombo. pp.629-630.

This page was last updated on 3 June 2022
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