Friday, November 6, 2020

Paramakanda Viharaya

Paramakanda Viharaya
Paramakanda Viharaya is a Buddhist cave temple situated in Anamaduwa in Puttalam District, Sri Lanka. The temple complex lies on a rock outcrop popularly named Paramakanda. The famous Thonigala rock inscriptions are located about 2 km distance from this temple.

History
As the presence of several early-Brahmi inscriptions, the history of the Paramakanda temple can be dated back to the period ranging between 3rd-century B.C.-1st century A.D. Six such inscriptions have been copied and published in 1970 by renowned archaeologist S. Paranavithana (Paranavitana, 1970). Among them, three inscriptions contain non-Brahmi symbols (Paranavitana, 1970).

Also, two fragmentary inscriptions belonging to the 4th, and 7th centuries A.D. have been discovered from the temple premises (Dias, 1991). Of them, the first inscription has been incised on a rock by the side of a pool and the second one has been inscribed on a rock near the Bodhi-tree (Dias, 1991).

Temple complex
Paramakanda
The temple complex mainly comprises of two parts; the lower terrace and the upper premises. The lower terrace consists of a number of buildings and structures including the Stupa, image house, Bodhi-tree, belfry, etc. The outer wall of the image house is apparently built of wattle and plastered with clay. Sculptures and paintings belonging to the Kandyan tradition are found inside the image house. However, a new layer of painting has been added on some parts of the walls later by covering the old Kandyan era paintings.

A small image house, a Stupa, and two carved footprints of Buddha (Sri Pathula) are found at the upper temple premises. The sculptures in the image house had been destroyed recently by thieves who searched imaginary treasures inside them.

Paramakanda Viharaya Paramakanda Viharaya .
References
1) Dias, M., 1991. Epigraphical notes (Nos 1 -18). Colombo: Department of Archaeology. p.72.
2) Paranavitana, S., 1970. Inscriptions of Ceylon: Volume I: Early Brahmi Inscriptions. Department of Archaeology Ceylon. p.83.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 6 November 2020
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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