Budugala Archaeological Site (Kaltota)

Not to be confused with Budugala Archaeological Site (Rotumba)

Budugala Viharaya
Budugala Archaeological Site (Sinhala: කල්තොට බුදුගල පුරාවිද්‍යා ස්ථානය) is situated in Kaltota in Ratnapura District, Sri Lanka.

The history of Budugala goes back to the 1st century B.C. (Abeyawardana, 2002). A cave inscription written in Brahmi Characters of the pre-Christian era has been found at the site (Gnanawimala Thera, 1967; Paranavitana, 1970). Some ruined buildings found at the site are believed to have been erected in the 7th-8th century A.D. (Somadeva et al., 2014).

Budugala cave inscription
Script: Early Brahmi                     Language: Old Sinhala
Transcript: (1) Parumaka Shona-putasha (2) Bata-Punashaguta lene
Translation: The cave of Lord Punashaguta, son of the chief Sona.
Citation: Paranavitana, 1970. p.59.

Clay inscription found in Budugala
Two pieces of tiles with letters were discovered in February 2021 from the ground at the foot of the Budugala hill near the archaeological Circuit bungalow. Even though incomplete, the inscriptions on these tiles have been written in medieval Sinhala script belonging to the 12th century. They contain information about two Polonnaruwa Period kings: Polonnaruwa Period; King Vijayabahu I (1055-1110 A.D.) and his brother King Jayabahu (1110-1111 A.D.).

The temple
The ruins of an ancient Buddhist monastery are found on the summit as well as at the foot of a hill. These ruins are mainly scattered in two sections; the lower section and the upper section. Foundations of two ruined buildings, a Sandakada Pahana (moonstone), a toilet stone, a stone slab depicting a figure of a Bodhi tree, and a ruined  Stupa built on a rock are found at the lower section (Collins, 1932; Somadeva et al., 2014). The foundations of the two ruined buildings have been connected to each other through a narrow bridge as found in the buildings known as Padhanaghara. According to Collins, these structures in Budugala are similar to those found in Ritigala, Arankele, and Western Monasteries (Collins, 1932).

In the upper section, the foundations of another two ruined buildings, a water container, and a rock containing some irregular sketches (petroglyphs ?) are found (Somadeva et al., 2014). A flight of steps accompanied by Korawak-gal (wingstones) provides access to the upper ground from the lower section. More ruins are also found towards the summit of the hill.

#) LankaPradeepa.com extends its gratitude to Lalith Kekulthotuwage for providing the necessary photographs required for this article. All the photos are published here with the permission of the author.

1) Abeyawardana, H.A.P., 2002. Heritage of Sabaragamuwa: Major natural, cultural and historic sites. Sabaragamuwa Development Bank and The Central Bank of Sri Lanka. ISBN: 955-575-077-7.  p.29.
2) Collins, C.H., 1932. The archaeology of the Sabaragamuwa Bintenna. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. XXXII, No 85. pp.158-184.
3) Gnanawimala Thera, K., 1967. Saparagamu Darshana (In Sinhala). S. Godage Saha Sahodarayo. pp.270-271.
4) Paranavitana, S., 1970. Inscription of Ceylon (Vol. I). Department of Archaeology Ceylon. p.59.
5) Somadeva, R., Vanninayaka, A., Devage, D., 2014. Kaltota Gaveshanaya, 2014. Adiyara 1 (In Sinhala). pp.21,23-24,33.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 28 October 2023

Post a Comment

Cookie Consent
We serve cookies on this site to analyze traffic, remember your preferences, and optimize your experience.
It seems there is something wrong with your internet connection. Please connect to the internet and start browsing again.
AdBlock Detected!
We have detected that you are using adblocking plugin in your browser.
The revenue we earn by the advertisements is used to manage this website, we request you to whitelist our website in your adblocking plugin.
Site is Blocked
Sorry! This site is not available in your country.