Sunday, May 30, 2021

Hindu Temples of Ancient Polonnaruwa

Polonnaruwa Siva Devale No. 2
About seventeen (or more) stone or brick-built temples dedicated to Hindu deities such as Siva, Visnu, Kali, Ganesa have been found in the Ancient Medieval City of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka (Meegama, 2010; Prematilleke, 1990). These shrines are believed to have been constructed by the South Indian Colas who Invaded and Occupied Sri Lanka from 993-1077 A.D. (Meegama, 2010). However, some of these shrines belong to the 13th century, when yet another wave of invasions took place under Magha of Kalinga (Prematilleke, 1990). These shrines continued to be maintained during the reigns of Sinhalese rulers as well (Meegama, 2010; Prematilleke, 1990).

The list of Hindu shrines in the Ancient Polonnaruwa City
This is an incomplete list prepared by "Lanka Pradeepa".
 
No. Shrine Remarks References
1 Siva Devale No. 1
Stone-built shrine. Consists of 4 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
2 Siva Devale No. 2
Stone-built shrine. Consists of 2 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
3 Siva Devale No. 3
Stone-built shrine. Consists of 2 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
4 Siva Devale No. 4
Brick-built shrine. Consists of 3 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
5 Siva Devale No. 5
Brick-built shrine. Consists of 7 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
6 Siva Devale No. 6
Brick-built shrine. Consists of 4 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
7 Siva Devale No. 7
Brick-built shrine. Consists of 2 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
8 Siva Devale A

Meegama, 2010
9 Siva Devale B

Meegama, 2010
10 Siva Devale C

Meegama, 2010
11 Visnu Devale No. 1

Prematilleke, 1990
12 Visnu Devale No. 2
Stone-built shrine
Prematilleke, 1990
13 Visnu Devale No. 3
Brick-built shrine
Prematilleke, 1990
14 Visnu Devale No. 4
Brick-built shrine
Prematilleke, 1990
15 Visnu Devale No. 5
Brick-built shrine
Prematilleke, 1990
16 Kali Devale
Brick-built shrine. Consists of 2 fanes
Prematilleke, 1990
17 Ganapathi Devale

Meegama, 2010

References
1) Meegama, S.A., 2010. South Indian or Sri Lankan? The Hindu Temples of Polonnaruva, Sri Lanka. Artibus Asiae, 70(1), pp.25-45.
2) Prematilleke, L., 1990. The architecture of the Polonnaruwa Period B.C. 800 - 1200 A.D. [Wijesekara, N. (Editor in chief)]. Archaeological Department centenary (1890-1990): Commemorative series: Volume III: Architecture. Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). pp.55-58.
 
This page was last updated on 12 June 2021
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