Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Kiri Vehera, Polonnaruwa

Kiri Vehera, Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka
Kiri Vehera (lit: Milk Stupa) is a Stupa located in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka. Situated north to the Lankathilaka Pilima Geya, this is the second tallest Stupa in the city after the Rankoth Vehera.

History
The ancient name or the builder of this Stupa is not known yet. But it is speculated that this Stupa was either built by  King Parakramabahu the Great (1153-1186 A.D.) in memory of his consort Queen Subhadra or it was built by Queen Subhadra herself (Wikramagamage, 2004).

Stupa
The 28.5 meters tall Stupa is considered the best preserved Stupa among the others found in the ancient city (Ray, 1960; Wikramagamage, 2004). It has a diameter of about 88 ft at the base at the ground level and is surrounded by four frontispieces at the cardinal points (Ray, 1960). Either side of the front pieces are small rectangular Buddha shrines with brick roofs (Ray, 1960). The bubble-shaped dome rises upward from a base of three receding terraces and the original lime plaster is still visible on the dome. The present name probably derives from the fact that its well preserved lime plaster.

Inscription
Kiri Vehera Slab Inscription
A quadrangular slab with an inscription lies on the Stupa terrace.

  • Kiri Vehera Slab Inscription

    Reign : Nissanka Malla (1187-1196 A.D.)
    Period : 12th century A.D.
    Script  : Medieval Sinhala
    Language : Medieval Sinhala
    Transcript  : Sri Vira-raja  Nissanka Malla Aprati-Malla Kalinga Lamkeswara .......>>
    Translation : His    majesty   Sri  Vira-raja Nissanka   Malla    Aprati- Malla   Kalinga Lankeswara ........>>


    Content : The inscription records that the king (Nissanka Malla) was pleased to exact tribute from the Cola, Pandya and other countries. It also says that he had pillars of victory set up at Rameswara (India) and a temple (Devalaya) built bearing the name 'Nissankeswara'. On his return after the victories, a pavilion with this inscription was built for worshiping the relics of Buddha.
    Reference : Wickremasinghe,1928

The slab is about 10 feet long and 5 feet 3 in. wide (Wickremasinghe, 1928). The letters are about 1-2 in. in size and represent the alphabet belonging to the latter half of the 12th century A.D. (Wickremasinghe, 1928).

References
1) Ray, H. C. (Editor in Chief), 1960. University of Ceylon: History of Ceylon (Vol 1, part II). Ceylon University Press. pp.593-594.
2) Wikramagamage, C., 2004. Heritage of Rajarata: Major natural, cultural and historic sites: Colombo. Central Bank of Sri Lanka. p. 215.
3) Wickremasinghe, D. M. D. Z., 1928. Epigraphia Zeylanica: Being lithic and other inscriptions of Ceylon (Vol, II). Published for the government of Ceylon by Humphrey Milford. pp.148-152.

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This page was last updated on 5 October 2019

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