Buddhism and Sri Lanka

According to Sri Lankan chronicles, Buddhism was introduced to Sri Lanka in the 3rd century BCE by Arhant Mahinda, during the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa.

Sri Lankan Inscriptions

The earliest trace of epigraphy in South Asia is said to be found in Sri Lanka. A piece of pottery, dated to circa the 4th century BCE had been discovered in the excavations of the Anuradhapura citadel.

Architecture of Sri Lanka

The architecture of Sri lanka has a long history and shows diversed forms and styles, mainly infuenced by their religions and traditional belives.

Sri Lankan Antiquities

Inherited from the past, Sri Lanka has a large number of antiques with cultural and historical significance which reflects the glory of past era.

Visit Sri Lanka

Located in the northern waters of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka is an island blessed with a fascinating variety of attractons which have made the country an ideal destination for the tourism.

Sunday, July 28, 2019

Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall

Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall
Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall (also known as BMICH) is a convention center located in the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka. Given by the People's Republic of China as a gift, the conference hall was built in honor of the foreign policy of  S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, the Prime Minister of Sri Lanka from 1956 to 1959. 

The BMICH is managed by the S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike National Memorial Foundation established on 4 February 1975.

History
The construction of the hall was initiated on 24 November 1970, by the then Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, Sirimavo Bandaranaike. The Chinese government donated LKR 35 million towards the construction as a gift to the people of Sri Lanka. On 17 May 1973, the completed conference hall was ceremoniously declared open by S. Bandaranaike.

In 2000, the construction work of the Sirimavo Bandaranaike Memorial Exhibition Centre was commenced in the same premises with the help of China. Built in memory of Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike, the first stateswoman in the world, the exhibition centre was officially opened in 2003.

Building
The octagonal shaped BMICH building was designed by Dai Niancy who is said to be a prominent figure in the history of modern Chinese architecture (Lu, 2010). The building comprises the main conference & concert hall, delegates lounge, banquet hall and press lounge.

Summary
1970 - China and Sri Lanka signed the agreement.
1973 - Opening ceremony of BMICH.
1973 - International Rubber Conference.
1974 - 4th Commonwealth Medical Conference.
1976 - 5th Non-Aligned Movement Summit.
1983 - Commencement of renting office spaces for government organizations.
1991 - 6th SAARC Summit.
1998 - 10th SAARC Summit.
2000 - Construction of Sirimavo Bandaranaike Exhibition & Convention Centre.
2003 - Opening of Sirimavo Bandaranaike Exhibition & Convention Centre.
2005 - Opening of Bandaranaike Centre for International Studies (BCIS).
2008 - 15th SAARC Summit.
2009 - Opening of Mihilaka Medura and Kamatha.
2012 - Refurbishment of Sirimavo Bandaranaike Exhibition & Convention Centre.
2013 - 23rd Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.
2014 - World Conference on Youth.
2017 - United Nations Vesak Festival

References
1) Lu, D. ed., 2010. Third world modernism: architecture, development and identity. Routledge.
2) Official website of the Bandaranaike Memorial International Conference Hall - .BMICH#History

Location Map

This page was last updated on 28 July 2019

Talaimannar Pier and Railway Station

Talaimannar Pier
The Talaimannar Pier and railway station are located in Talaimannar in Mannar District, Sri Lanka.

History
Talaimannar Pier
The proposal to build a rail bridge across the Palk Strait was originally brought forward by the British government in 1894, in order to facilitate the transportation of workers from Tamil Nadu, India for the tea plantations in Sri Lanka. In 1902, the rail line between Colombo and Kankesanturai was opened and a branch of this railway line was built in 1913, linking Madawachchiya and Talimannar Pier .

The Talaimannar station was opened on 24 February 1914. The pier and railway station were functioned in 1914 to ferried passengers between Talaimannar and Dhanuskodi (Rameswaram, India) At the time, it was considered the cheapest mode of transport of passengers and goods between the two neighbors. In 1967, the both piers at Talaimannar and Dhanuskodi were damaged by the "Dhanuskodi Cyclone" which caused to suspend the ferry service between the two countries. Three years later, the infrastructure had been repaired and the ferry service was commenced again.

However, the service had to be abandoned again in 1983/84, due to the escalating war situation in Sri Lanka. The war between the government forces and LTTE (a rebel group designated as a terrorist organization) badly affected the ferry transportation between the two countries. During this period, the railway lines were completely destroyed by the LTTE and the steel bars of the track were used by them to build their bunkers (Thalpawila, 2017).

The Thalaimannar railway station was abandoned in 1990 and reopened on 14 March 2015, after the end of the civil war.

Pier
The pier was extending about 960 ft North of the mainland coast and supported a double railway track. The present pier is about 848 ft long and remains in a highly dilapidated state (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018)

A protected monument
The old pier at Thaleimannar belonging to Old Pier village in the Divisional Secretary’s Division Thaleimannar is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 24 March 2016.
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References
1) Asanga, M. V. G. K.; Nishantha, I. P. S., 2018. Mannarama Distrikkaya (In Sinhala). Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). ISBN: 978-955-7457-10-9. p.76.
2) Thalpawila, O. N., 2017. Road to Jaffna - Road to Reconciliation in Sri Lanka. The International Conference on Land Transportation, Locomotive Heritage and Road Culture - 2017, Centre for Heritage Studies,University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka. p.14.
3) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka: No: 1960. 24 March 2016. p.229.

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This page was last updated on 28 July 2019

Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Cemetery

Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Cemetery
Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Cemetery (also known as Ibbankatuwa Proto-historic Burial Site) is an ancient burial site situated in Dambulla in Matale District, Sri Lanka. Extended in an area about 13 hectares, the site comprises of a large number of burials in cists made of stone slabs dating to the 7th century B.C.. The cemetery is considered as the biggest and the best preserved proto-historic burial site in the country.

Cemetery site
The cemetery site is located on the left bank of the Dambulu Oya, a tributary of Kala Oya. It generally consists of stone cist type burial graves of the Megalithic tradition. The burial chambers are square and rectangular in shape and has been constructed by placing granite slabs vertically erected (Karunaratne, 2010). Several chambers were covered with cap stones and some of them were visible on the surface even before the excavations. In 1984, surface explorations performed at the site exposed few non-Brahmi symbols (pictograms) inscribed on three separate cist cap stones (Seneviratne, 1989).

Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Cemetery
Large and small clay pots containing human ashes were found placed inside the chambers. Certain clay pots were cylindrical in shape and smaller containers were discovered inside some of these clay vessels. Some tombs consist of multiple urns. A few pots contained minute bone fragments but none of the tomb contained complete or partial skeletons (Karunaratne, 2010)
 
During the excavations, a large number of beads made of minerals such as clay, carnelian, onyx, agate were found inside the chambers (Karunaratne, 2010). A majority of beads discovered in Ibbankatuwa are said to be exotics originated hundreds of miles away in the peninsular India (Karunaratne, 2010). Cloth pins, bangles, leaf shaped diadem and metal objects such as iron, copper alloy and gold were among the other findings of Ibbankatuwa (Karunaratne, 2010).

Settlement site
It is believed that Ibbankatuwa cemetery was associated with a settlement belonging to the early iron age. Polwatta, an ancient human settlement located not far from the Ibbankatuwa burial site is considered to be the complementary human settlement of this burial site.

The Ibbankatuwa settlement was first excavated during the PGIAR-CCF-KAVA (Postgraduate Institute of Archaeology-Central Cultural Fund-The Kommission fur Algemeine und Vergleichende Archaeologie) collaboration project in 1988 (Karunaratne, 2010). More excavations were done during the 1989, 1990, and 1991 field seasons. According to C14 data, it was found that the site was occupied for several centuries, at least from the Proto-historic/Early-historic transition phase to the middle historic period (Karunaratne, 2010).

Ibbankatuwa is considered as the only Proto-historic cemetery site in Sri Lanka where a corresponding settlement has been excavated (Karunaratne, 2010).
 
Excavations
The first excavation was performed in the Ibbankatuwa burial site in 1970 by Dr. Raja De Silva, a former Archaeological Commissioner (Karunaratne, 2010). Consideration was again given to the site in 1982 when the Dambulla Cultural Triangle was established (Karunaratne, 2010). After that, two excavations were conducted in 1988 and 1990, by a team of German (KAVA) and Sri Lankan (CCF & PGIAR) archaeologists lead by Prof. Senake Bandaranayake. They investigated a cluster of 21 burial chambers and its corresponding C14 data revealed that the cluster was in use at least from around 600 B.C..

The third excavation was carried out in August 2015, by the Central Cultural Fund. They excavated a new area located west of the cluster of 21 burial chambers. During this excavation, 47 burials, 26 stone cists and 21 urn burials were discovered by them.

The conserved site was opened for public viewing on 11th February 2017.

A protected site
The megalithic tombs, situated in the village of Ibbankatuwa, in the Grama Niladhari Division of Ibbankatuwa, in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Galewala, are archaeological protected monuments, declared by a government gazette notification published on 23 October 2009.
Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Cemetery Ibbankatuwa Megalithic Cemetery
Attribution
1) Ibban Katuwa, Sri Lanka 0021 by G41rn8 is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
2) Ibban Katuwa, Sri Lanka 0024 by G41rn8 is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0
3) Ibban Katuwa, Sri Lanka 0027 by G41rn8 is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

References
1) Karunaratne, P.P., 2010. Secondary state formation during the early iron age on the island of Sri Lanka: The evolution of a periphery. University of California, San Diego. pp.122-123,180,182, 184-185,190.
2) Seneviratne, S., 1989. Pre-state chieftains and servants of the state: a case study of Parumaka. pp.99-130.
2) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka: No: 1625. 23 October 2009. p.1596.

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This page was last updated on 28 July 2019

Friday, July 26, 2019

Tomb of Adam, Talaimannar

Tomb of Adam, Talaimannar
An Islamic place of worship called by the locals as Tomb of Adam (or Adam's Grave) is located in Urumalai village in Talaimannar in Mannar District, Sri Lanka.

Folklore
Depending on traditional beliefs, the site is venerated by the local Muslim community as the grave where the giant bodies of Adam and Eve were buried.

Structures
The site contains two long semi-cylindrical structures lie on the sand. The structures are about 13 m long and 1.2 m wide (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018). By the side of the two structures is a small boat with the engraving 786 – 1968.

According to the local Muslim community, this is an ancient site with a long history. However, no any valid historical or archaeological evidences have been found from the site (Asanga & Nishantha, 2018).
Tomb of Adam, Talaimannar Tomb of Adam, Talaimannar
References
1) Asanga, M. V. G. K.; Nishantha, I. P. S., 2018. Mannarama Distrikkaya (In Sinhala). Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). ISBN: 978-955-7457-10-9. p.79.
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Location Map

This page was last updated on 27 July 2019

Saturday, July 20, 2019

Ambagaspitiya Ambalama

Ambagaspitiya Ambalama
The Ambagaspitiya Ambalama is an old wayside rest in the village of Ambagaspitiya in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. The site can be reached by traveling along the Yakkala - Radawana road about 4.7 km distance from the Yakkala junction.

Ambalama
Ambalamas are traditional resting places built by locals to accommodate wayfarers who were traveling to distant places. 

Structure
The Ambalama has been built by erecting twelve granite pillars. Connecting these twelve pillars, a short wall goes around the structure. On the inside, around the Ambalama, are seats fixed to the short wall. The seats are made in two levels which is probably due to the caste differences prevailed at the time of its construction. The entrance is set at the northern side of the Ambalama.

The pillars are octagon in shape with four sided medial panels. Several rock carvings are also found on some of the pillars. The pillar capitals are made of wood and decorated with Pekada carvings. The four sided roof with elevated middle portion is paved with semi cylindrical roof tiles (Sinhala Ulu).

A protected monument
The Ambagaspitiya Ambalama at the 3rd mile post of the Yakkala - Radawana road in Ambagaspitiya village in Palle Tuttiripitya Grama Niladari Division in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Mahara is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 22 November 2002 .
Ambagaspitiya Ambalama Ambagaspitiya Ambalama
Ambagaspitiya Ambalama Ambagaspitiya Ambalama
References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka: No: 1214. 22 November 2002.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 20 July 2019

Sri Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana

Sri Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana
Sri Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya (or Sri Jinendraramaya) is a Buddhist temple situated in the village of Warapalana in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. The site can be reached by traveling along the Yakkala - Radawana road (B479) about 6.7 km distance from the Yakkala junction.

History
It is believed that the history of Jinendrarama temple is going back to the latter part of the 18th century (Wijayawardhana, 2010). The other nearby temples, such as Varana, Pilikuttuwa are located some considerable distance from the Warapalana village and therefore, Jinendrarama temple may has been erected as a religious place for the village community during the Kandyan period [(1594 - 1815 A.D.) Wijayawardhana, 2010]. It is said that a Buddhist monk called Veuda Vipassi Thera had pioneered in its establishment (Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The new image house of the temple has been constructed in 1922.

Tempita Viharaya
The Tempita Viharaya (the temple on pillars) is the main aspect of this temple with an archaeological significance. It has been built upon about 25 granite pillars of 3 feet tall (Wijayawardhana, 2010). The roof is four sided and paved with semi cylindrical roof tiles (Sinhala Ulu). A stone made flight of steps makes the access to the ambulatory surrounding the Tempita image chamber. The ambulatory is about 3 feet wide and a short wall of about 3 ft. 10 in. tall runs along its outer boundary (Wijayawardhana, 2010). The total Tempita structure is about 19 feet long and 15 feet and 3 inches wide (Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The inside walls of the image chamber is adorned with the paintings and sculptures belonging to the Kandyan style. The main sculpture is a seated Buddha statue accompanied by two standing Buddha statues facing each other at both left and right walls. All the Buddha figures have halos around their bodies. On the sides of the two standing Buddha images are two deities, Vishnu and Kataragama (Wijayawardhana, 2010).

The Tempita Viharaya has been restored and conserved by the Archaeology Department.

A protected site
The Tempita Viharaya situated in Sri Jinendrarama Vihara premises in Udututtiripitiya Grama Niladhari Wasama of the Mahara Divisional Secretary’s Division is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 22 November 2002.
Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana Jinendrarama Tempita Viharaya, Warapalana
References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1264. 22 November 2002.
2) Wijayawardhana, K., 2010. Sri Lankawe Tampita Vihara (In Sinhala). Dayawansa Jayakody & Company. Colombo. ISBN: 978-955-551-752-2. pp. 264-269.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 26 July 2019

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Sri Vivekarama Purana Viharaya, Hewaniwala

Hewaniwala Vivekarama Viharaya
Sri Vivekarama Purana Viharaya is an old Buddhist temple located in the village of Hewaniwala in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka.

A protected site
The ancient image house located in Hewaniwala Viwekarama Vihara premises in Palle Tuttiripitiya Grama Niladhari Wasama of the Mahara Divisional Secretary’s Division is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 22 November 2002.
Hewaniwala Vivekarama Viharaya Hewaniwala Vivekarama Viharaya
References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1264. 22 November 2002.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 16 July 2019

Gallindawatta Ambalama, Ambagaspitiya

Gallindawatta Ambalama, Ambagaspitiya
The Gallindawatta Ambalama is an old wayside rest in the village of Ambagaspitiya in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. The site can be reached by traveling along the Yakkala - Radawana road about 3.7 km distance from the Yakkala junction.

Ambalama
Ambalamas are traditional resting places built by locals to accommodate wayfarers who were traveling to distant places. 

Structure
The Ambalama is situated at the verge of a paddy land and has been built by erecting four granite pillars fixed on the ground. The floor is square in shape and paved with stone slabs. The roof is tiled with Sinhala Ulu and held by the four granite pillars. A well built with granite blocks is found adjacent to the Ambalama.

A protected monument
The old Ambalama at Gallinda Watta land in Ambagaspitiya village in Mahara Divisional Secretary’s Division is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 22 November 2002 .
Gallindawatta Ambalama The well built with granite blocks
References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka: No: 1214. 22 November 2002.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 18 July 2019

Bendiyamulla Tombstone of Karunaratne

Bendiyamulla Tombstone of Karunaratne
The Bendiyamulla Tombstone is a monument located on roadside of Gampaha - Miriswatta highway about 1.2 km distance from the Gampaha Hospital. It has been erected to commemorate Mr. Karunaratne, a wealthy landowner.

Karunaratne
Don David Karunaratne was a politician and one of the wealthiest men in Gampaha area. He was elected to parliament at the 1st parliamentary election in 1947, representing the United National Party (UNP), for the Gampaha electorate. After the death of Karunaratne, his remains were deposited in a small stone-built house erected in a land he owned.

Karunaratne is also popular for his social works. Rathnavalee Balika Vidyalaya and Gampaha Base Hospital are said to be established/developed with the help of Karunaratne.

Agra Building
In the 1930s, Karunaratna constructed a palatial mansion called Agra, in Bendiyamulla. After the demise of Karunaratne, the property was inherited to his elder daughter but by the mid-1970s, there were no direct descendants to claim the property. In 1978, the mansion was taken over by the government and converted it into a state property. The mansion is  today used as the office of the District Secretariat of Gampaha (Gampaha Kachcheri).

Tomb
The tomb is quadrangular in shape and has been built on a elevated basement. It can be entered through a flight of steps accompanied by decorated Korawak Gal (balustrades) and Sandakada Pahana (moonstone).

However, a large commercial building has been constructed around the monument recently, disturbing the view as well as the value of the tomb.

A protected monument
The Bendiyamulla Tombstone adjoins Miriswaththa - Gampaha highway belonging to Bendiyamulla village situated in Grama Niladhari Division, Bendiyamulla in the Divisional Secretary’s Division, Gampaha is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 12 June 2015.
Decorated Korawak Gala Stone carvings
New constructions have endangered the moument The view of the tomb has been disturbed
References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1919. 12 June 2015. p.395.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 20 July 2019

Sunday, July 14, 2019

Mahamevnawa Buddhist Monastery, Polgahawela

Mahamevnawa Buddhist Monastery, Polgahawela
The Mahamevnawa Buddhist Monastery (Sinhala: Mahamevnawa Bhavana Asapu Moolasthanaya) located in Polgahawela, Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka is the main Mahamevnawa temple of its chain of monasteries in Sri Lanka.

Mahamevanawa Organization
The organization was established in 1999 in Sri Lanka by Ven. Kiribathgoda Gnanananda Thera, in the purpose of spreading the teachings of the Gautama Buddha. At present, there are more than 90 Sri Lankan and international branches including Australia, Canada, England, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, South Korea and United States.

Polgahawela Branch
The monastery at Polgahawela was established in Waduwawa village on 14 August 1999. Currently, the temple is home for over 100 monks. 
Mahamevnawa Bhavana Asapuwa Mahamevnawa Bhavana Asapuwa
Other Local Branches
Central Province: Kundasale, Matale, Nuwara Eliya, Rattota.
Eastern Province: Ampara, Kantale, Vilgamvehera Raja Maha Viharaya.
North Central Province: Anuradhapura, Galnewa, Habarana, Kahatagasdigiliya, Kebithigollewa, Polonnaruwa.
North Western Province: Anamaduwa, Bowatta, Ibbagamuwa, Mahawa, Polpithigama, Pothuhera, Thamba Kanda, Uyandana.
Sabaragamuwa Province: Balangoda, Eratna, Pinnawala, Siripagama.
Southern Province: Deniyaya, Galle, Matara, Sooriyawewa, Walasmulla.
Uva Province: Bandarawela, Bibila, Buttala, Kataragama, Mahiyanganaya, Mariarawa, Monaragala, Mullegama, Welimada.
Western Province: Bulathsinhala, Divulapitiya, Horana, Kaduwela, Kochchikade, Malabe, Nittambuwa, Serupita.

Location Map

This page was last updated on 14 July 2019

Thilakarathnarama Viharaya, Borella

The ancient Stupa at Thilakarathnarama Viharaya, Borella
Thilakarathnaramaya (or Thilakarathnaramaya) is a Buddhist temple located in Borella town in Colombo District, Sri Lanka.

A protected site
The ancient Stupa of Borella Thilakarathnarama Purana Vihara in Borella (South) Grama Niladhari Wasama of the Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretary’s Division is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 8 July 2005.

References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1401. 8 July 2005.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 14 July 2019

Sunday, July 7, 2019

Kengalla Ambalama

The Kengalla Ambalama is an old wayside rest in the village of Kengalla in Kandy District, Sri Lanka. It is located on roadside of Kandy - Mahiyangana highway (A 26) about 14 km distant from the Kandy town.

History
Kengalla Ambalama
Ambalamas are traditional resting places built by locals to accommodate wayfarers who were traveling to distant places. The Ambalama at Kengalla is believed to have been built in 1905 by Karaithylingam Pillai, a wealthy businessman who had migrated from South India (Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009).

Structure
The structure is built of stone and rectangular in shape with a short porch in front. Two sets of columns fixed in two concentric tiers bear the roof and make the resting area. The resting area has two levels: the outer low ground and the middle section. The middle section is at a higher level and is said to have been used by people of the privileged caste (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009).

References
1) De Silva, N.; Chandrasekara, D.P., 2009. Heritage Buildings of Sri Lanka. Colombo: The National Trust Sri Lanka, ISBN: 978-955-0093-01-4.  p.168.
2) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1716. 22 July 2011. p.510-511.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 20 July 2019

Kadugannawa Ambalama

Kadugannawa Ambalama
The Kadugannawa Ambalama is an old wayside rest in the village of Kadugannawa in Kegalle District, Sri Lanka. It is located on roadside of Colombo - Kandy highway about 7 km distant from the Pilimatalawa town.

History
Ambalamas are traditional resting places built by locals to accommodate wayfarers who were traveling to distant places. The Ambalama at Kadugannawa is a such structure built during the British period [(1815-1948) De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009].

Structure
The structure has a rectangular ground plan with an additional porch in front (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009). The porch is entered through two sets of steps. The inner space of the Ambalama has been divided by a wall (De Silva & Chandrasekara, 2009). The roof is paved with clay tiles and supported by columns and walls made of wattle and daub.

The Ambalama was recently restored by the Ministry of Tourism under the guidance of the Department of Archeology. 

A protected monument
Kadugannawa Ambalama in Pahala Kadugannawa Village in the Mahakadurawa Grama Niladhari Wasama of the Mawanella Divisional Secretary’s Division is an archaeological protected monument, declared by a government gazette notification published on 22 July 2011.

Attribution
1) Kadugannawa Ambalama by MediaJet is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0

References
1) De Silva, N.; Chandrasekara, D.P., 2009. Heritage Buildings of Sri Lanka. Colombo: The National Trust Sri Lanka, ISBN: 978-955-0093-01-4.  p.166.
2) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1716. 22 July 2011. p.510-511.

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This page was last updated on 20 July 2019

Kondagala Pilima Geya

Kondagala Pilima Geya
Kondagala Pilima Geya/Pilimage (or Kondagala Viharaya) is an old image house located in the village of Kondagala in Kegalle District, Sri Lanka. The site can be reached by traveling along the Nelundeniya - Galapitamada road about 1.2 km distance from the Nelundeniya junction.

Shrine
The temple consists of an old image house and a Bodhi tree. Other aspects such as Stupa, preaching hall are not found in the temple premises. The image house has been built on a natural rock plane on which several marks of letters, pillar holes are found. At the entrance of image house is a Makara Thorana (a dragon arch) with two door keepers. Below the Makara Thorana (above the door) is a figure of clock with Roman numerals.

The shrine was renovated and preserved by the Department of Archaeology in 2016.

A protected site
The old image house and the drain in the natural rock belonging to the Kondagale Vihara premises in the Grama Niladhari Wasama No. 85, Dedigama in the Warakapola Divisional Secretary’s Division are archaeological protected monuments, declared by a government gazette notification published on 30 December 2011.  
Kondagala Pilima Ge Kondagala Pilima Ge well
Letters on the rock plane, Kondagala image house Letters on the rock plane, Kondagala image house
References
1) The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. No: 1739. 30 December 2011. p.1091

Location Map

This page was last updated on 4 August 2019

Saturday, July 6, 2019

Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya

Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya
Bambaragala Raja Maha Viharaya is an ancient Buddhist temple situated in the village of Waduwawa in Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka.

History
The image house of Bambaragala temple contains paintings belonging to the Kandyan tradition. However, the existence of drip-ledged caves suggest that this temple has its roots extending to a very early period, probably to Anuradhapura era (377 B.C.-1017 A.D.).

A protected site
The cave temple with old paintings and the drip-ledged cave with an inscription in Waduwawa Bambaragala Purana Viharaya in the Divisional Secretary’s Division of Alawwa are archaeological protected monuments, declared by government gazette notifications published on 18 January 1974 and 8 July 2005.
The reclining Buddha statue at Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya The Stupa at Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya
The Makara Thorana at Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya Old paintings at Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya
The preaching hall at Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya Waduwawa Bambaragala Viharaya
References
1)The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka: No: 1401. 8 July 2005.
3) The government gazette notification: No: 95. 18 January 1974.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 6 July 2019