Saturday, December 12, 2020

Panduwasnuwara Palace of Parakramabahu I

Panduwasnuwara Palace of Parakramabahu I
Panduwasnuwara Royal Palace of King Parakramabahu I is situated in the middle of Panduwasnuwara ancient city in  Kurunegala District, Sri Lanka. 

History
This is the royal palace of the ancient Parakramapura (presently called Panduwasnuwara), the city of Dakkhinadesa founded by King Parakramabahu the Great (1153-1186 A.D.) when he was the sub-king of this territory (Nicholas, 1963).

The palace building
The basic ground plan of the Panduwasnuwara palace shows similarity to that of the 12th century palaces at Anuradhapura (Palace of Vijayabahu), Polonnaruwa (Palace of Parakramabahu I, and Nissankamalla), and Galabedda [(Palace of Sugala) Prematileke, 1990; Ray, 1960]. All these palaces have a rectangular area enclosed by galleries with an entrance facing the east (Prematileke, 1990; Ray, 1960). The Panduwasnuwara palace mainly consists of two parts; the main court and the courtyard in front (Prematileke, 1990). The main court constitutes the central edifice with galleries and the front spacious courtyard with free-standing columns indicates that it may have used as a sitting and reception room of the palace (Prematileke, 1990). The galleries measure 268 feet east to west and 168 feet north to south; the central edifice is 113 feet east to west by 91 feet north to south (Ray, 1960). A large soakage pit is also found inside the palace building. 

Panduwasnuwara Palace stone seat inscription of Nissankamalla
The slab inscription in front of the palace premises records that King Nissankamalla (1187-1196 A.D.) visited this palace.
 
Panduwasnuwara Palace stone seat inscription of Nissankamalla
Reign    : Nissankamalla (1187-1196 A.D.)
Period  : 12th century A.D.
Scripts : Mediaeval Sinhala
Language : Mediaeval Sinhala
Content    : In the 9th year of his reign, on the full-moon day of the month of Navam (January-February), King Nissankamalla seated here watching dances and songs. He donated five Tulabhara (gave ornament to his own weight) annually and subjugated the South Indian territories of Kalinga, Pandya, and Chola.
References: The information board at the site by the Department of Archaeology and the Ministry of National Heritage.

Panduwasnuwara Palace Panduwasnuwara Palace Panduwasnuwara Palace .
References
1) Nicholas, C. W., 1963. Historical topography of ancient and medieval Ceylon. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series (Vol VI). Special Number: Colombo. Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch). p.104.
2) Prematileke, L., 1990. The architecture of the Polonnaruwa period 800-1200 A.D.. Wijesekara, N. (Editor in chief). Archaeological Department centenary (1890-1990): Commemorative series: Volume III: Architecture. Department of Archaeology (Sri Lanka). p.41.
3) Ray, H. C. (Editor in Chief), 1960. University of Ceylon: History of Ceylon (Vol 1, part II). Ceylon University Press. p.601.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 13 December 2020
For a complete tourist map follow this link: Lankapradeepa Tourist Map

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