Tuesday, 29 March 2022

Kirindi Oya

Kirindi Oya
Kirindi Oya (Sinhala: කිරිඳි ඔය) is a river in southeast Sri Lanka. It is 118 km long (Abeysingha et al., 2017).
The ancient name used in Pali chronicles such as Mahavamsa to identify the Kirindi Oya river was Karinda-nadi (Nicholas, 1963). The Mayilagastota Pillar Inscription of King Kassapa V (914-923 A.D.) referred to this river as Kirind-ho (Ranawella, 2001). 

River basin
The Kirindi Oya river basin extends into an area of about 1,203 km2 (Abeysingha et al., 2017). The basin is considered closing because, during parts of the year, there are only very limited outflows to the Indian Ocean (Abeysingha et al., 2017; Molden et al., 2001). Downstream reservoirs of the basin utilize the waters of Kirindi Oya for irrigation and other uses (Abeysingha et al., 2017; Molden et al., 2001).

Reservoirs & anicuts in the Kirindi Oya river basin
#) Debara Wewa                               #) Ellagala Anicut                               #) Pannagamuwa Wewa
#) Tissa Wewa                                  #) Weerawila Wewa                           #) Yodha Wewa


1) Abeysingha, N.S., Jayasekara, J.M.N.S. and Meegastenna, T.J., 2017. Stream flow trends in up and midstream of Kirindi Oya river basin in Sri Lanka and its linkages to rainfall. Mausam, 68(1), pp.99-110.
2) Arumugam, S., 1969. Water resources of Ceylon: its utilisation and development. Water Resources Board. pp.127-134.
3) Molden, D.J., Starkloff, R., Sakthivadivel, R. and Keller, J., 2001. Hydronomic zones for developing basin water conservation strategies (Vol. 56). IWMI. p.12.
4) Nicholas, C. W., 1963. Historical topography of ancient and medieval Ceylon. Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series (Vol VI). Special Number: Colombo. Royal Asiatic Society (Ceylon Branch). p.66.
5) Ranawella, S., 2001. Inscription of Ceylon. Volume V, Part I. Department of Archaeology. ISBN: 955-9159-21-6. pp.372-376.

Location Map
This page was last updated on 28 January 2023


Post a Comment